/ˈtɛmprəns/ noun [noncount]
1 old-fashioned : the practice of drinking little or no alcohol

The minister preached about temperance.

2 formal : the practice of always controlling your actions, thoughts, or feelings so that you do not eat or drink too much, become too angry, etc.

His lifestyle was marked by temperance. [=moderation]

Useful english dictionary. 2012.